Once an industrial wasteland within viewing distance of Parliament, the Nine Elms area has been regenerated into a new residential and business district. The project is Europe's largest with 20,000 new homes and 25,000 jobs, with Apple placing its new London offices at the former power station and a new US Embassy. The Northern Line has also been extended with 2 new stations that opened in September 2021.
Nine Elms was named after 9 elm trees along the main road whose history goes back to the 1640s. A gardens was constructed here in the mid 17th century and operated for about 200 years until the London Gas Light Company came in the mid-19th century. The Battersea Power station was built in the 1930s and eventually closed in 1983. The desire to redevelop the area was already brewing in the mid-1970s. It was only until 2011 when the Nine Elms Vauxhall Partnership was created that redevelopment seemed in reach. Over 220 hectares of land are part of the largest regeneration zone in central London to transform the last remaining industrial part of the South Bank.
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